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Sunday, May 22, 2022
Drosophila is the most commonly used insect in the life sciences. In 2019, Professor Pavan Ramdya at EPFL’s School of Life Sciences and his group developed a deep-learning-based motion-capture software called DeepFly3d. The software, using multiple cameras, quantifies the movements of Drosophila in 3D space. Later, in 2021, his team devised a method called LiftPose3D…
Bioenergy is renewable energy produced from natural sources capable of replacing fossil energy. When combined with geothermal, it can potentially supercharge renewable electricity and create a carbon sink. UC Engineering Ph.D. student Karan Titus has shown that combined geothermal and bioenergy plants could remove a million tonnes of CO2 each year. The work still is…
The human immune system is composed of many different cell types. However, less is known about the fine-grained variations in these cell types across organs. Now, scientists from the University of Cambridge, Wellcome Sanger Institute, and collaborators have created an open-access atlas of the immune cells in the human body. They genetically mapped previously underexplored…
50 years ago, Apollo astronauts brought samples of the lunar surface material, known as regolith, back to Earth. Now, 50 years later, scientists successfully used three samples to grow plants. This is the first time they have successfully grown the plant in the nutrient-poor lunar regolith. This breakthrough discovery- made by scientists at the University…
Quantum information systems derive their power from controllable interactions that generate quantum entanglement. Buiding scalable quantum information systems require programmable operations between desired qubits within a quantum processor. In most advanced approaches, qubits interact locally, constrained by the connectivity associated with their fixed spatial layout. In a new study, scientists demonstrated a quantum processor in…
The electronics industry for computers grows hand-in-hand with the decrease in the size of integrated circuits. Despite being essential to increase computational power, miniaturization becomes challenging. A possible alternative to this is using magnetism, which can keep the development of both cheaper and more powerful computers. A new discovery is not a direct recipe for…
In 2017 using Gaia-ESO Survey, astronomers detected a rare double-binary star system HD74438 in the Vela constellation. Further observation of this quadruple star system tracked the orbits of the stars. The observations revealed that this stellar quadruple comprises four gravitationally bound stars. In this system, a short-period binary orbits another short-period binary on a longer…
When we have something, the essential nutrients and other valuable components within the food are metabolized and find their way to cells throughout the body. When the metabolites reach the cell, they are completely broken down and segregated from one another so that each can play a role in specific functions that the mitochondria perform.…
To perform its function correctly, cells go through a lifecycle. This lifecycle includes growing to the right size. It is a vital process as it ensures the perpetuation of the cell population and the greater structure they are a part of. Checkpoints govern the cell cycle, preventing errors like mutations or DNA damage from being…
NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope has recently shared a dazzling view of a broad-brimmed Mexican hat resembling a galaxy called NGC 7814. Also known as ‘Little Sombrero’ or Caldwell 43, the galaxy is located 28 million light-years away. The ‘Little Sombrero’ is 80,000 light-years-wide and billions of years old. It features a bright central bulge, a…